The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Secretory responses of rat peritoneal mast cells to high intracellular calcium.

The patch-clamp technique was used to investigate the secretory responses of rat peritoneal mast cells at various intracellular calcium concentrations ([Ca2+]i). When Calcium was introduced into the cell with pipette-loaded dibromo-BAPTA, elevation of [Ca2+]i into the range 1-10 microM induced membrane capacitance increases indicative of exocytosis in a concentration-dependent manner. At higher concentrations a decrease of the response was observed. Cells that were exposed to micromolar [Ca2+]i underwent morphological alterations resulting in swelling, which is indicative of cytoskeletal alterations. The presence of dibromo-BAPTA (4 mM) strongly inhibited secretion induced by GTP-gamma-S, thus hampering the contribution of G-protein-mediated stimulation. Application of the Ca2+ ionophore ionomycin resulted in transient increases in [Ca2+]i which were parallelled by Ca2+-dependent secretion. Effective buffering of the cytosolic calcium level below 1 microM abolished the secretory response. Our results show that an increase in [Ca2+]i can trigger secretion, but only if it is high and sustained. During physiological stimulation, however, secretion proceeds at [Ca2+]i below 1 microM. It is, therefore, concluded that mast cell degranulation under physiological conditions is not simply a result of an increase in [Ca2+]i, but that other second messenger systems in conjunction with calcium act synergistically in order to ensure fast and efficient secretion.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities