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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Expression of cytochrome P450b and P450e genes in small intestinal mucosa of rats following treatment with phenobarbital, polyhalogenated biphenyls, and organochlorine pesticides.

The expression of cytochromes P450b and P450e genes was studied in the small intestinal mucosa of rats using a cDNA which recognizes the mRNAs of both cytochromes as well as oligonucleotide probes which are able to differentiate between the two gene products. Animals were treated with oral and intraperitoneal doses of phenobarbital, gamma-chlordane, trans-non-achlor, and polychlorinated and polybrominated biphenyls. RNA was extracted from small intestinal mucosa and liver. After treatment with each of the compounds, P450b mRNA was markedly induced in small intestinal mucosa and in liver. The greatest degree of induction was found in mucosa of the proximal small intestine where P450b mRNA levels were 4-6-fold higher than levels found in the distal small intestine. This distribution of P450b mRNA was not dependent on the route of administration of inducers. In contrast, although P450e mRNA was induced in the liver after treatment, P450e mRNA in the small intestine did not increase in response to any of the administered inducers. The location of the P450b mRNA within the intestinal mucosa following treatment with inducers was studied by in situ hybridization; the message was induced predominantly in enterocytes located in intestinal villi. These data indicate that the P450b gene is induced in the small intestine following treatment with various xenobiotics and that this induction may be secondary to either transcriptional activation of the gene or to mRNA stabilization in enterocytes located in the villi of the intestinal mucosa. The differential induction of P450b versus P450e genes in the small intestine and liver indicates that the regulation of these closely linked genes is tissue-specific. Furthermore, the marked induction of P450b mRNA in response to the administered xenobiotics indicates that this isoenzyme may have an important biological role in the small intestinal metabolism of environmental toxicants and drugs.[1]


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