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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Disseminated granulomatous disease (BCGosis) following chemoimmunotherapy for ovarian carcinoma.

The use of BCG (bacille Calmette Guérin) in conjunction with cytotoxic chemotherapeutic agents has been advocated in patients with ovarian carcinoma. We describe a patient with stage III, grade I, endometrioid carcinoma of the ovary treated with cisplatin, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, and BCG. Following one course of therapy she presented with an elevated temperature, purpuric skin rash, abnormal liver function tests and hematological indices, and multiple organ failure resulting in sepsis and death. At autopsy, disseminated noncaseating granulomas were found in the lungs, hilar lymph nodes, liver, and spleen. Metastatic carcinoma was not present in these organs. This report describes the rapid onset of a disseminated BCG infection (BCGosis) in a patient with ovarian carcinoma receiving chemoimmunotherapy. Clinical recognition of BCGosis in immunocompromised patients is difficult but should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients presenting with unexplained febrile illness, functional abnormalities in multiple organ systems, and a history of immunotherapy with BCG. Appropriate specimen collection is emphasized.[1]


  1. Disseminated granulomatous disease (BCGosis) following chemoimmunotherapy for ovarian carcinoma. Kelleher, M.B., Christopherson, W.A., Macpherson, T.A. Gynecol. Oncol. (1988) [Pubmed]
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