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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Tissue-specific expression of GM3(NeuGc) and GD3(NeuGc) in epithelial cells of the small intestine of strains of inbred rats. Absence of NeuGc in intestine and presence in kidney gangliosides of brown Norway and spontaneously hypertensive rats.

The ganglioside composition of the epithelial cells of the small intestine was investigated in 15 strains of inbred rats. Most of these strains had GM3 as the only detectable ganglioside. In addition to GM3, small amounts of GD3 were found in four strains, AVN, BN, DA, and LE. The fatty acid content of the ceramide portion was composed of a large, although variable, percentage of 2-hydroxy fatty acids. The sphingoid base was always C18-4D-hydroxysphinganine. The highly prominent sialic acid was N-glycolylneuraminic acid (NeuGc) in most strains. However in two strains, Brown Norway (BN) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), NeuAc was the only sialic acid of the gangliosides of the intestinal epithelium. The analysis of the ganglioside composition of the epithelium of the small intestine of the first generation hybrids of SHR with DA and BN, respectively, demonstrated that the expressions of GM3 (NeuGc) and GD3 were genetically transmitted as dominant traits and that BN and SHR were likely to carry the same deficient gene that led to the expression of GM3(NeuAc) instead of GM3(NeuGc) in the small intestine. For comparison, the sialic acid composition of kidney gangliosides was analyzed in some strains. 21-23% of the kidney gangliosides was GM3(NeuGc) in all tested strains, including BN and SHR. Therefore, the ganglioside composition of the intestinal epithelium could vary in the rat species, and the defect of N-glycolylneuraminic acid was not only strain-specific but also occurred in a tissue-specific way among strains of inbred rats.[1]


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