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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Role of the overdrive sequence in T-DNA border cleavage in Agrobacterium.

The T-DNA of the Ti plasmid of Agrobacterium is flanked by 25-base-pair imperfect direct repeats that are required in cis for transfer to the genome of the plant host. Another sequence, designated overdrive, is located adjacent to the right-border repeats and functions in cis to enhance tumor formation. We have examined the effect of the overdrive sequence on the early steps in T-DNA processing. We report here that overdrive greatly enhances cleavage by the site-specific endonuclease in Agrobacterium, perhaps by directing the endonuclease to the adjacent border sequences. We also show by a gel mobility-shift assay that overdrive affinity-purified proteins from acetosyringone-induced Agrobacterium cells interact with T-DNA border and overdrive sequences. Further, we show that in vivo the virC operon enhances cleavage at the T-DNA borders, most likely by interaction between the VirC1 protein and the overdrive sequence.[1]


  1. Role of the overdrive sequence in T-DNA border cleavage in Agrobacterium. Toro, N., Datta, A., Yanofsky, M., Nester, E. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1988) [Pubmed]
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