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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 stimulates the synthesis of matrix gamma-carboxyglutamic acid protein by osteosarcoma cells. Mutually exclusive expression of vitamin K-dependent bone proteins by clonal osteoblastic cell lines.

Several clonal rat osteosarcoma cell lines were tested for the ability to express and secrete matrix Gla protein ( MGP), a small vitamin K-dependent protein found in bone and cartilage. Two independently derived cell lines, UMR 106-01 and ROS 25/1, expressed MGP mRNA and secreted MGP antigen identical in size with that found in bone. No MGP message could be detected in ROS 17/2 and 2/3 cells, cell lines previously shown to synthesize the other known vitamin K-dependent bone protein, bone Gla protein ( BGP), and no BGP mRNA could be detected in the cell lines which synthesize MGP. Since UMR 106-01 and ROS 17/2 are presently the best characterized clonal osteoblastic cell lines, the discovery of the mutually exclusive expression of MGP and BGP by these cell lines indicates that osteosarcoma cells can be fixed in different phenotypic states and that MGP and BGP should be useful markers for the analysis of phenotypic expression in bone. Treatment of UMR 106-01 cells with 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3) dramatically increased MGP mRNA within 4 h and, by 24 h, increased MGP secretion 15-fold. This is only the second example of a bone matrix protein whose synthesis is dramatically increased by vitamin D, the first being the 6-fold stimulation of BGP synthesis by 1,25(OH)2D3 in ROS 17/2 cells. The discovery that MGP and BGP are similarily regulated by 1,25(OH)2D3 was unexpected since the two proteins differ markedly in structure, physical properties, and tissue distribution. Since the synthesis of MGP is rapidly and dramatically increased by 1,25(OH)2D3, it is probable that MGP plays a role in the normal bone response to the hormone. MGP may also be the vitamin K-dependent protein whose abnormal synthesis in the Warfarin-treated animal modifies the bone response to 1,25(OH)2D3.[1]


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