The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Transcription of T cell antigen receptor genes is induced by protein kinase C activation.

The regulation of expression of the TCR-alpha and -beta genes was studied in the human T cell tumor line Jurkat. Treatment of the cells with PMA was shown to decrease the surface expression of the TCR-alpha/beta/CD3 complex. Subsequent to PMA-induced modulation of the TCR/CD3 complex, increases in the mRNA levels of both the TCR-alpha and -beta genes were observed reaching a maximum 12 h after stimulation. Other T cell activators were also examined for their ability to increase TCR-alpha and -beta mRNA expression. Only agents that activate protein kinase C were shown to induce expression of the TCR-alpha and -beta genes. The observed increases in TCR-alpha and -beta gene mRNA levels were not the result of a uniquely derived Jurkat subline. Similar inductions of TCR-alpha and -beta mRNA levels were observed in an independently maintained Jurkat cell line. In both cell lines, elevations of TCR gene expression was accompanied by a decline in the expression of the c-myc proto-oncogene. PMA induction of TCR-alpha and -beta mRNA was shown to occur in the presence of the protein synthesis inhibitor cycloheximide. The 1.6-kb TCR-alpha and the 1.0-kb D beta J beta C beta TCR-beta gene transcripts were fully induced in the presence of cycloheximide, whereas the 1.3-kb V beta D beta J beta C beta transcript was only partly induced in the presence of cycloheximide. Run-on transcription assays demonstrated that the increase in TCR-alpha and -beta mRNA levels could be entirely accounted for by increases in the transcription rate of both genes after PMA induction. Thus, in summary, protein kinase C stimulation leads to TCR-alpha/beta modulation in Jurkat cells and an increase in steady state TCR-alpha and -beta mRNA levels as a result of transcriptional activation of both genes.[1]

References

  1. Transcription of T cell antigen receptor genes is induced by protein kinase C activation. Lindsten, T., June, C.H., Thompson, C.B. J. Immunol. (1988) [Pubmed]
 
WikiGenes - Universities