The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Autocrine regulation of cell proliferation by estradiol and hydroxytamoxifen of transformed mouse Leydig cells in serum-free culture.

We have previously reported that the cloned cell line (B-1-A-2) derived from an estrogen-responsive mouse Leydig cell tumor shows an estrogen-dependent enhancement of cell proliferation in medium supplemented with charcoal-dextran-stripped fetal bovine serum. To avoid the involvement of unknown factors present in the serum in the pathway for estrogen-dependent cell growth, the present study was designed to establish a serum-free culture system to which growth factors could be added. To this end, we subcloned B-1 cells from the parental tumor cell line. The proliferation of B-1 cells was markedly stimulated by the addition of 10(-11)-10(-8) M estradiol into the serum-free medium [Eagle's Minimum Essential Medium-Ham's F-12 (1:1, vol/vol) containing 0.2% (wt/vol) BSA]. Epidermal growth factor (0.1-50 ng/ml) or insulin (0.1-50 micrograms/ml) alone or in combination with 10(-8) M estradiol did not affect the proliferation rate of B-1 cells. In contrast, a greater than 10-fold molar excess of 4-hydroxytamoxifen blocked estradiol-induced cell proliferation, while 4-hydroxytamoxifen alone failed to show a stimulatory effect on cell multiplication. Additionally, the conditioned medium collected from estradiol-stimulated cells was found to contain a growth-promoting factor(s) whose activity was not antagonized by 4-hydroxytamoxifen. Nonstimulated cells secreted a significant but low level of the growth-promoting factor. Finally, B-1 cells were found to be estrogen dependent for cell proliferation in BALB/c mice. Their growth was markedly inhibited by the administration of tamoxifen to the host mice. These results indicate that the serum-free culture system presented here is suitable for studying the autocrine mechanisms of cell growth regulated by estrogens as well as triphenylethylene compounds.[1]


  1. Autocrine regulation of cell proliferation by estradiol and hydroxytamoxifen of transformed mouse Leydig cells in serum-free culture. Nishizawa, Y., Sato, B., Miyashita, Y., Tsukada, S., Hirose, T., Kishimoto, S., Matsumoto, K. Endocrinology (1988) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities