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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Regulation of cloned prolactin-inducible genes in pigeon crop.

Polyadenylated RNA from PRL-stimulated pigeon (Columba livia) crop was used as template to produce a cloned cDNA library in plasmids. The library was screened by differential hybridization against labeled nucleic acid populations representative of both unstimulated and PRL-stimulated crop tissue. By this method four independent clones coding for PRL-inducible mRNAs were identified. The regulation of these four genes ranged from modest (2- to 3-fold) to major (greater than 70-fold). A clone designated DA4 was complimentary to the most markedly stimulated crop mRNA. This mRNA encoded a polypeptide with a molecular weight of 35,500 which corresponds with the major induced protein synthesized in vivo. Messenger RNADA4 stimulation was dose dependent showing maximal induction by ovine PRL systemic injections in the 200 micrograms/day range. Above this dose PRL was less effective. The onset of mRNADA4 accumulation after a single PRL injection was rapid with statistically significant levels occurring by 3 h. Several lactogenic type hormones, but not an ungulate GH, were potent inducers of mRNADA4. The receptor responsible for mRNADA4 stimulation responds to mammalian lactogens (ovine PRL, human GH, human placental lactogen, bovine placental lactogen) and also can be blocked by an antibody to rabbit mammary gland PRL receptors. These results argue that regulation of pigeon crop gene expression (specifically mRNADA4 may be a relatively simple model of lactogenic hormone mechanisms.[1]


  1. Regulation of cloned prolactin-inducible genes in pigeon crop. Pukac, L.A., Horseman, N.D. Mol. Endocrinol. (1987) [Pubmed]
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