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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

The post-translational trimethylation of diphthamide studied in vitro.

The amino acid diphthamide is a complex post-translational derivative of histidine that exists in eukaryotic and Archaebacterial elongation factor 2 (EF-2). Diphtheria toxin and Pseudomonas exotoxin A catalyze the transfer of an ADP-ribose residue from NAD to diphthamide, causing the inactivation of EF-2. We have used cytosolic extracts of mutant CHO-K1 cells to study the biosynthesis of diphthamide in vitro. We have identified chromatographically a precursor form of diphthamide that exists in one complementation group of mutant cells and have documented the addition of 3 methyl residues from S-adenosylmethionine to this precursor. We have identified the presence of methyltransferase capable of carrying out this reaction in vitro in cells of 15 diverse eukaryotic species.[1]

References

  1. The post-translational trimethylation of diphthamide studied in vitro. Moehring, J.M., Moehring, T.J. J. Biol. Chem. (1988) [Pubmed]
 
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