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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Molecular cloning and sequencing of a cDNA for olfactory marker protein.

cDNA clones corresponding to mRNA for rat olfactory marker protein (OMP) were isolated from a cDNA library. The library was constructed from olfactory mucosa poly(A)+ RNA enriched for OMP mRNA and cloned into a pBR322-derived plasmid, pMG5. OMP cDNA clones were detected by using a 17-base oligonucleotide probe that contained all 16 possible sequences coding for a known partial amino acid sequence of rat OMP. The identity of these clones was confirmed by hybrid-selected translation and nucleotide sequencing. The sequence of one clone was determined and contained the complete OMP coding region of 486 nucleotides followed by 1630 nucleotides of the 3' untranslated region. The 3' untranslated region included the polyadenylylation signal 16 nucleotides upstream of the poly(A) tail. No other ATG-initiated open reading frame larger than 20 codons was present in register. RNA blot analysis of olfactory mucosa poly(A)+ RNA using this clone as a probe indicated that the level of OMP mRNA, but not its size, declined significantly within a few days following olfactory bulbectomy. OMP mRNA was not detected in 14 nonolfactory rat tissues. Surprisingly, a small amount of OMP mRNA was observed in olfactory bulb. The presence of OMP mRNA in olfactory bulb was confirmed by in vitro translation and immunoprecipitation. These results suggest either that a previously undescribed population of neurons in the olfactory bulb synthesize OMP or that OMP mRNA is transported to the bulb by axonal transport.[1]


  1. Molecular cloning and sequencing of a cDNA for olfactory marker protein. Rogers, K.E., Dasgupta, P., Gubler, U., Grillo, M., Khew-Goodall, Y.S., Margolis, F.L. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1987) [Pubmed]
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