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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Expression of a cDNA derived from the yeast killer preprotoxin gene: implications for processing and immunity.

The type I killer strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae secrete a dimeric 19-kDa protein that kills sensitive cells by disrupting cytoplasmic membrane function. This toxin is encoded by the double-stranded RNA plasmid M1-dsRNA, which also determines specific immunity to toxin. A preprotoxin, the 35-kDA in vitro translation product of denatured M1-dsRNA, is presumed to be the primary in vivo gene product. To facilitate studies on preprotoxin structure and maturation, we have inserted a partial cDNA copy of M1-dsRNA into the yeast vector p1A1, bringing it under control of the phosphate-repressible PHO5 promoter. This in-frame gene fusion encodes all of the preprotoxin sequence except for its N-terminal secretion leader, which is replaced by the leader sequence of PHO5. Transformation of sensitive yeast strains lacking M1-dsRNA with such fusion plasmids converts them to phosphate-repressible, immune killers, demonstrating that both toxin and immunity determinants are contained within the preprotoxin molecule. L-1-Tosylamido-2-phenylethyl chloromethyl ketone retards glycosylation of preprotoxin to toxin, facilitating size comparisons and indicating that processing of the normal precursor involves three glycosylation events but does not involve cotranslational leader peptidase action. In contrast, the PHO5 leader is apparently removed from the fusion preprotoxin.[1]


  1. Expression of a cDNA derived from the yeast killer preprotoxin gene: implications for processing and immunity. Hanes, S.D., Burn, V.E., Sturley, S.L., Tipper, D.J., Bostian, K.A. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1986) [Pubmed]
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