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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Chemotactic peptides modulate adherence of human polymorphonuclear leukocytes to monolayers of cultured endothelial cells.

We have used a new centrifugation assay to examine the effects of highly purified human C5a and C5a des Arg, as well as effects of N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (FMLP), on both the extent and strength of human polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) adherence to monolayers of cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells. At concentrations that were chemotactic for PMN, C5a (0.1 nM), C5a des Arg (5.0 nM), and FMLP (1.0 nM) significantly reduced the percentage of PMN that adhered to endothelial monolayers. Adherence also was reduced by C5a des Arg that was generated by incubating (37 degrees C, 30 min) fresh human serum with either zymosan or purified C5a. High concentrations of C5a (greater than 1.0 nM) and FMLP (greater than 50 nM) that diminished PMN chemotaxis significantly enhanced the percentage of PMN that adhered tightly to endothelial cells (adherent cells resisted a dislodgment force of 1200 X G). Tight adherence of PMN to endothelial cells also was increased by high concentrations of C5a that were added to human serum in which carboxypeptidase N activity was destroyed by heating (56 degrees C, 30 min), and by C5a that was generated by incubating (37 degrees C, 30 min) fresh human serum with zymosan in the presence of the carboxypeptidase N inhibitor, epsilon-aminocaproic acid. High concentrations of C5a des Arg (up to 80 nM) neither enhanced adherence of PMN to endothelial cells nor decreased PMN migration. Thus, a reciprocal relation exists between PMN migration and PMN adherence to endothelial cells in response to chemotactic factors. At concentrations that are chemotactic for human PMN, C5-derived peptides and FMLP reduce the adherence of PMN to endothelial monolayers. Only at concentrations that decrease PMN migration do C5a and FMLP augment PMN adherence.[1]


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