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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Megakaryocytes from the marrow of a patient with Glanzmann's thrombasthenia lacked GP IIb-IIIa complexes.

Although it is recognized that glycoprotein (GP) IIb-IIIa complexes are deficient in platelets in Glanzmann's thrombasthenia, little is known of the origin of the defect. We have examined the megakaryocytes in a bone marrow aspirate obtained from a thrombasthenia patient during surgery. Analysis of platelet proteins by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis confirmed the patient to be of the type I subgroup. The megakaryocytes were examined by immunofluorescence or by immunocytochemical procedures combined with electron microscopy. Antibodies used included the murine monoclonal antibody, AP-2 and the human allo-antibody, IgG L, both of which recognize determinants on GP IIb-IIIa complexes. Bound antibody was detected by anti-IgG antibodies coupled to fluorescein isothiocyanate or absorbed on gold particles. In the immunofluorescence studies, permeabilized megakaryocytes were identified by double staining using an antibody to von Willebrand factor ( vWF). Whereas mature megakaryocytes and their small precursor cells from normal individuals were strongly fluorescent with AP-2 and IgG L, most vWF positive cells from the Glanzmann's thrombasthenia patient were negative and the remainder gave but a weak background fluorescence. Immunogold staining on the surface of marrow cells was severely reduced. Our results confirm a deficiency of GP IIb-IIIa complexes in megakaryocytes in thrombasthenia.[1]


  1. Megakaryocytes from the marrow of a patient with Glanzmann's thrombasthenia lacked GP IIb-IIIa complexes. Hourdillé, P., Fialon, P., Belloc, F., Namur, M., Boisseau, M.R., Nurden, A.T. Thromb. Haemost. (1986) [Pubmed]
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