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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Nitrogen control of Salmonella typhimurium: co-regulation of synthesis of glutamine synthetase and amino acid transport systems.

Nitrogen control in Salmonella typhimurium is not limited to glutamine synthetase but affects, in addition, transport systems for histidine, glutamine, lysine-arginine-ornithine, and glutamate-aspartate. Synthesis of both glutamine synthetase and transport proteins is elevated by limitation of nitrogen in the growth medium or as a result of nitrogen (N)-regulatory mutations. Increases in the amounts of these proteins were demonstrated by direct measurements of their activities, by immunological techniques, and by visual inspection of cell fractions after gel electrophoresis. The N-regulatory mutations are closely linked on the chromosome to the structural gene for glutamine synthetase, glnA: we discuss the possibility that they lie in a regulatory gene, glnR, which is distinct from glnA. Increases in amino acid transport in N-regulatory mutant strains were indicated by increased activity in direct transport assays, improved growth on substrates of the transport systems, and increased sensitivity to inhibitory analogs that are trnasported by these systems. Mutations to loss of function of individual transport components (hisJ, hisP, glnH, argT) were introduced into N-regulatory mutant strains to determine the roles of these components in the phenotype and transport behavior of the strains. The structural gene for the periplasmic glutamine-binding protein, glnH, was identified, as was a gene argT that probably encodes the structure of the lysine-arginine-ornithine-binding protein. Genes encoding the structures of the histidine- and glutamine-binding proteins are not linked to glnA or to each other by P22-mediated transduction; thus, nitrogen control is exerted on several unlinked genes.[1]


  1. Nitrogen control of Salmonella typhimurium: co-regulation of synthesis of glutamine synthetase and amino acid transport systems. Kustu, S.G., McFarland, N.C., Hui, S.P., Esmon, B., Ames, G.F. J. Bacteriol. (1979) [Pubmed]
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