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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Glucitol-specific enzymes of the phosphotransferase system in Escherichia coli. Nucleotide sequence of the gut operon.

The complete nucleotide sequence of the glucitol (gut) operon in Escherichia coli has been determined. The glucitol-specific Enzyme II and Enzyme III of the phosphoenolpyruvate:sugar phosphotransferase system as well as glucitol-6-phosphate dehydrogenase which are encoded by the gutA, gutB, and gutD genes of the gut operon, respectively, are predicted to consist of 506 (Mr = 54,018), 123 (Mr = 13,306), and 259 (Mr = 27,866) amino acyl residues, respectively. The hydropathic profile of the Enzyme IIgut revealed 7 or 8 long hydrophobic segments which may traverse the cell membrane as alpha-helices as well as 2 or 4 short strongly hydrophobic stretches which may traverse the membrane as beta-structure. The number of amino acyl residues in the sum of the molecular weights of the glucitol Enzyme II-III pair are nearly the same as those of the mannitol Enzyme II. The ratio of hydrophobic to hydrophilic amino acyl residues and the numbers of the hydrophobic segments are also nearly the same for both transport systems. However, no significant homology was found in the nucleotide or amino acyl sequences of the two systems. Glucitol-6-phosphate dehydrogenase was found to exhibit sequence homology with ribitol dehydrogenase. A repetitive extragenic palindromic sequence was found in the 3'-flanking region of the gutD gene, suggesting the presence of a gene downstream from the gutD gene.[1]


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