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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The uptake of oxalate by rat liver and kidney mitochondria.

Oxalate, a metabolic end product, forms calcium oxalate deposits in the tissues under a variety of pathological conditions. In order to determine whether oxalate is able to penetrate the mitochondrial matrix, the uptake of oxalate by rat liver and kidney cortical mitochondria was characterized. Mitochondria did not swell in an iso-osmotic medium of ammonium oxalate unless a small amount of phosphate was provided. This phosphate-induced swelling was prevented by N-ethylmaleimide. The uptake of [14C]oxalate by liver and kidney mitochondria followed first order kinetics and was inhibited by mersalyl an inhibitor of the phosphate and dicarboxylate carriers. Accumulation of [14C]oxalate at equilibrium was significantly higher by mitochondria energized with succinate than by rotenone-inhibited mitochondria due to higher matrix pH as determined by the [14C]5,5'-dimethyloxazolidine-2, 4-dione distribution ratio. The velocity of oxalate accumulation by mitochondria was temperature dependent. The activation energy was 81.5 and 86.5 J/mol for liver and kidney mitochondria, respectively. In both types of mitochondria, the rate of oxalate uptake was hyperbolic with respect to the concentration of oxalate. The apparent Km was 28.8 +/- 0.6 and 13.4 +/- 1.2 mM and the Vmax 87.1 +/- 1.1 and 66.1 +/- 3.1 nmol X mg-1 X min-1 at 12 degrees C for liver and kidney mitochondria, respectively. Phenylsuccinate exhibited mixed inhibition of the rate of oxalate uptake. Oxalate exhibited also a mixed inhibition of the uptake and oxidation of malate by mitochondria. The data obtained provide evidence that oxalate is transported across the mitochondrial membrane by a phosphate-linked, carrier-mediated system similar to or identical to the dicarboxylate transporter.[1]


  1. The uptake of oxalate by rat liver and kidney mitochondria. Strzelecki, T., Menon, M. J. Biol. Chem. (1986) [Pubmed]
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