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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of acute atrial fibrillation on the vasodilator reserve of the canine atrium.

Acute atrial fibrillation appreciably alters atrial physiology by increasing atrial blood flow and atrial oxygen consumption. To determine the effects of atrial fibrillation on atrial vasodilator reserve atrial fibrillation was produced in dogs by electrical atrial stimulation. Reactive hyperaemic responses were measured using Doppler crystals fixed to the sinus node artery and to an adjacent right ventricular branch artery during sinus rhythm, after 20 minutes of atrial fibrillation, and after systemic administration of chromonar (a potent coronary dilator) during atrial fibrillation. During sinus rhythm the peak to resting blood flow velocity ratio after a 20 s occlusion of the sinus node artery was 3.2(1) (mean(SEM)). A 20 s occlusion of a right ventricular branch artery during sinus rhythm resulted in a significantly larger response (5.9(0.7). The repayment to debt area ratio in response to a 20 s occlusion was 1.1(0.2) for the sinus node artery but 3.9(1.0) for a right ventricular branch. During atrial fibrillation the peak to resting velocity ratio was substantially decreased in the sinus node artery (2.3(0.6)) but was not significantly changed in the right ventricular branch (4.4(0.6)). Atrial fibrillation plus chromonar abolished reactive hyperaemia in both the sinus node artery and the right ventricular branch vessel. Right atrial blood flow (microspheres) increased from 45(4) in sinus rhythm to 106(19) ml X min-1 X 100 g-1 in atrial fibrillation and to 208(22) ml X min-1 X 100 g-1 after chromonar administration during atrial fibrillation. Thus the quantitative characteristics of coronary reactive hyperaemia in the right atrium were substantially different from those in the right ventricle.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Effects of acute atrial fibrillation on the vasodilator reserve of the canine atrium. White, C.W., Holida, M.D., Marcus, M.L. Cardiovasc. Res. (1986) [Pubmed]
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