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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The fine specificity of IgG antiguanosine antibodies in systemic lupus erythematosus.

The antigen specificity, isotype, and subclass of antinuclear antibodies may be related to their pathogenicity in systemic lupus erythematosus ( SLE). Our laboratory found that IgG antibodies that bound the nucleoside, guanosine, occurred frequently in SLE patients. In contrast, sera from healthy subjects contained IgM but not IgG antiguanosine antibodies. The present studies were designed to characterized the fine specificity of IgG antiguanosine antibodies in SLE and compare them with IgM antiguanosine antibodies in normal sera. Serum antinuclear antibodies from six healthy subjects and six SLE patients were isolated by affinity binding to guanosine and measured by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). IgM in normal sera, and both IgM and IgG in SLE sera bound guanosine. IgM antiguanosine antibodies in normal sera were polyspecific and bound other nucleosides and 1-methylguanosine but not denatured DNA (ssDNA). In contrast, IgG antiguanosine antibodies from the SLE patients bound guanosine and ssDNA but not other nucleosides or 1-methylguanosine. SLE IgM antiguanosine antibodies had the same fine specificity and bound guanosine and ssDNA but not any of the other nucleosides. These results suggest that SLE IgG and IgM antiguanosine antibodies have fine specificity in contrast to the polyspecific IgM antibodies in normal sera. In addition, subclass analysis indicated that all SLE patients had either IgG1 or IgG3 subclass of antiguanosine antibodies that bind complement. Characterizing the isotype, subclass, and fine antigen specificity of antiguanosine antibodies should assist in evaluating their potential pathogenicity in SLE.[1]


  1. The fine specificity of IgG antiguanosine antibodies in systemic lupus erythematosus. Yee, W.S., Weisbart, R.H. Clin. Immunol. Immunopathol. (1985) [Pubmed]
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