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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Nucleotide sequence and topography of chicken c-fps. Genesis of a retroviral oncogene encoding a tyrosine-specific protein kinase.

We isolated molecular clones of chicken DNA that carry portions of the cellular proto-oncogene c-fps and then determined the nucleotide sequence of all regions of the gene that are related to the retroviral oncogene v-fps. The homology of v-fps within c-fps resides on at least 19 interspersed segments, 17 of which represent complete exons and two of which may represent only portions of exons. Fusion of these segments reconstructs a facsimile of v-fps. The arrangement of introns and exons within c-fps differs from that of the related proto-oncogene c-src in the domains of the two genes that encode tyrosine-specific protein kinase activity. It therefore appears likely that the introns arose subsequent to the gene duplication that engendered c-src and c-fps. The data also reveal potential junctions between viral and cellular domains in the genomes of two independently isolated avian sarcoma viruses (the PRCII and Fujinami strains). The lefthand junctions can be well defined: they occur at the same position in c-fps but at different positions in the viral gene gag. The righthand junctions cannot be defined as precisely because they include a sequence of 10 to 15 nucleotides whose origin is not known. In the genome of PRCII virus, the composition of this sequence suggests that it arose from the polyadenylated 3' terminus of the c-fps messenger RNA. If this deduction proves to be correct, the data will provide direct evidence that the righthand recombination during transduction by retroviruses occurs between RNA intermediates. Irrespective of these ambiguities, both junctions are located within exons of c-fps, and both may have been formed by non-homologous recombination (although the evidence for the latter statement is not decisive). A sequence of 1020 nucleotides has been deleted from the transduced version of c-fps in the genome of PRCII virus, apparently by homologous recombination between sequences repeated within c-fps. Fujinami virus may contain the entire coding domain of c-fps, but mutations have created 26 amino acid substitutions in the viral version of the gene. By contrast, the partially deleted version of c-fps in PRCII virus contains no mutations that would alter the amino acid sequence.[1]


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