The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Hemodynamic and humoral effects of caffeine in autonomic failure. Therapeutic implications for postprandial hypotension.

We examined the effects of caffeine and meals on blood pressure and heart rate in 12 patients with autonomic failure. The influence of caffeine on plasma norepinephrine, epinephrine, and renin activity was also studied. Caffeine 250 mg, raised blood pressure by 12/6 mm Hg, from 129 +/- 25/78 +/- 12 (mean +/- S.D.) to a maximum of 141 +/- 30/84 +/- 16 mm Hg at 45 minutes (P less than 0.01), but did not change heart rate, levels of norepinephrine, or epinephrine, or plasma renin activity. Blood pressure fell by 28/18 mm Hg after a standardized meal, from 133 +/- 32/80 +/- 15 to a minimum of 105 +/- 21/62 +/- 12 mm Hg at 60 minutes (P less than 0.01). After pretreatment with 250 mg of caffeine, the standardized meal induced a fall of only 11/10 mm Hg, from 140 +/- 33/79 +/- 7 to 129 +/- 31/69 +/- 13 mm Hg at 60 minutes (P less than 0.05 vs. values after the control per day for seven days) in five patients, postprandial blood pressures remained higher after caffeine than after placebo (P less than 0.05). We conclude that caffeine is a pressor agent and attenuates postprandial hypotension in autonomic failure, and that this effect is not primarily due to elevations in sympathoadrenal activity or activation of the renin-angiotensin system. Caffeine may be useful in the treatment of orthostatic hypotension due to autonomic failure, especially in the postprandial state.[1]


  1. Hemodynamic and humoral effects of caffeine in autonomic failure. Therapeutic implications for postprandial hypotension. Onrot, J., Goldberg, M.R., Biaggioni, I., Hollister, A.S., Kingaid, D., Robertson, D. N. Engl. J. Med. (1985) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities