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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Interaction of mouse submaxillary gland renin with a statine-containing, subnanomolar, competitive inhibitor.

The interaction between mouse submaxillary gland renin and a statine-containing, iodinated substrate analog inhibitor was studied. The compound, 1 (Boc-His-Pro-Phe-(4-iodo)-Phe-Sta-Leu-Phe-NH2, Sta = (3S,4S)-4-amino-3-hydroxy-6-methyl-heptanoic acid), a statine-containing analog of the renin substrate octapeptide, was a competitive inhibitor of cleavage of synthetic tetradecapeptide renin substrate by mouse submaxillary gland renin, with a Ki of 6.2 x 10(-10) M (pH 7.2, 37 degrees C). Titration of the partial quenching of the tryptophan fluorescence of the enzyme by 1 revealed tight binding with a dissociation constant less than 3 nM and a binding stoichiometry of one mole 1 per mole enzyme. The time course of tight binding of 1 to mouse renin appeared to be fast, with kON greater than or equal to 1.3 x 10(6) s-1 M-1. The UV difference spectrum generated upon binding of 1 to mouse renin had two prominent features: a strong, broad band that had a minimum at 242 nm with delta epsilon (242) = -19,500 cm-1 M-1, and a triplet of enhanced bands centered at 286 nm with delta epsilon (286) about +1100 cm-1 M-1. The strong, broad, negative band was similar to the difference between the UV absorbance of 1 in methanol and in 0.1 M citrate phosphate pH 7. 2. A structure-activity correlation for analogs of 1 showed some moieties of 1 that are important for potent inhibition of mouse renin. The inhibition data for these compounds versus human kidney renin suggested that the solution of the crystal structure of 1 bound to mouse renin will provide useful information for the design of inhibitors of human kidney renin.[1]


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