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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Euglena gracilis chloroplast elongation factor Tu. Purification and initial characterization.

The chloroplast protein synthesis elongation factor Tu (EF-Tuchl) has been purified to near homogeneity from Euglena gracilis. Chromatography of the postribosomal supernatant of light-induced Euglena on DEAE-Sephadex reveals two forms of EF-Tuchl. Further purification has shown that one species consists of a complex between EF-Tuchl and a factor that stimulates its activity. The other species consists of free EF-TUchl. The factor has been purified from both chromatographic forms by taking advantage of the molecular weight shift that occurs upon disruption of the complex between EF-Tuchl and the stimulatory factor. EF-Tuchl consists of a single polypeptide chain with a molecular weight of about 50,000. EF-Tuchl is as active on Escherichia coli ribosomes as it is on its homologous ribosomes but displays no detectable activity on eukaryotic cytoplasmic ribosomes. It is stimulated in polymerization by E. coli EF-Ts and will form a complex with the prokaryotic factor that can be isolated by gel filtration chromatography. Like E. coli EF-Tu, it is sensitive to modification by N-ethylmaleimide and is inhibited by the antibiotic kirromycin. Thus, the chloroplast factor has many features that reflect the close relationship between prokaryotic and chloroplast translational systems.[1]


  1. Euglena gracilis chloroplast elongation factor Tu. Purification and initial characterization. Sreedharan, S.P., Beck, C.M., Spremulli, L.L. J. Biol. Chem. (1985) [Pubmed]
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