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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Amino acid-specific ADP-ribosylation. Sensitivity to hydroxylamine of [cysteine(ADP-ribose)]protein and [arginine(ADP-ribose)]protein linkages.

Hydroxylamine stability has been used to classify (ADP-ribose)protein bonds into sensitive and resistant linkages, with the former representing (ADP-ribose)glutamate, and the latter, (ADP-ribose)arginine. Recently, it was shown that cysteine also serves as an ADP-ribose acceptor. The hydroxylamine stability of [cysteine([32P]ADP-ribose)]protein and [arginine([32P] ADP-ribose)]protein bonds was compared. In transducin, pertussis toxin catalyzes the ADP-ribosylation of a cysteine residue, whereas choleragen (cholera toxin) modifies an arginine moiety. The (ADP-ribose)cysteine bond formed by pertussis toxin was more stable to hydroxylamine than was the (ADP-ribose)arginine bond formed by choleragen. The (ADP-ribose)cysteine bond apparently represents a third class of ADP-ribose bonds. Pertussis toxin ADP-ribosylates the inhibitory guanyl nucleotide- binding regulatory protein (Gi) of adenylate cyclase, whereas choleragen modifies the stimulatory guanyl nucleotide-binding regulatory protein (Gs). These (ADP-ribose)protein linkages are identical in stability to those formed in transducin by the two toxins, consistent with the probability that cysteine and arginine are modified in Gi and Gs, respectively. Bonds exhibiting differences in hydroxylamine-stability were found in membranes from various non-intoxicated mammalian cells following incubation with [32P]NAD, which may reflect the presence of endogenous NAD:protein-ADP-ribosyl-transferases.[1]


  1. Amino acid-specific ADP-ribosylation. Sensitivity to hydroxylamine of [cysteine(ADP-ribose)]protein and [arginine(ADP-ribose)]protein linkages. Hsia, J.A., Tsai, S.C., Adamik, R., Yost, D.A., Hewlett, E.L., Moss, J. J. Biol. Chem. (1985) [Pubmed]
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