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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The binding of folyl- and antifolylpolyglutamates to hemoglobin.

A binding method that detects only the strongest binding site for a ligand on a protein has been used to show that folates and folate analogs, conjugated with poly-gamma-glutamates, are bound to hemoglobin. When the concentration of hemoglobin is much larger than that of the polyglutamate, as is the case in the red cell, the fraction bound is a direct function of the hemoglobin concentration and is independent of the total polyglutamate concentration. Binding to deoxyhemoglobin tetramers is competitive with 2,3-diphosphoglycerate. In oxyhemoglobin the folyl and methotrexate polyglutamates are bound preferentially by free alpha beta dimers, but removal of the pteridine moiety leads to tetramer binding even in oxyhemoglobin. Changes in the length of the polyglutamate side chain and alterations of the pteridine structure such as reduction and/or methylation have a much larger effect on the constant for binding to deoxyhemoglobin tetramers than on that for oxyhemoglobin dimers. The implications of these results for the storage of pteroylpolyglutamates in the erythrocyte and their release from the red cell under the influence of the degree of oxygenation and variations in the 2,3-diphosphoglycerate level are discussed.[1]


  1. The binding of folyl- and antifolylpolyglutamates to hemoglobin. Benesch, R.E., Kwong, S., Benesch, R., Baugh, C.M. J. Biol. Chem. (1985) [Pubmed]
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