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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Pseudomembranous enterocolitis in childhood.

Pseudomembranous enterocolitis is reported in five children. The clinical syndrome, characterized by the acute onset of profuse diarrhea, occurred postoperatively in 2 patients. All the patients had received or were taking antibiotics (penicillin, ampicillin, clindamycin). The disease was severe in 4 persons who presented with hypoproteinemia. Related complications were edema, ascites, pleural effusion, septicemia and/or shock. The diagnosis was made on the basis of typical rectosigmoidoscopic findings. Despite intensive therapy 2 children died. The use of parenteral nutrition is advocated in severe cases with exudative enteropathy. When profuse diarrhea occurs postoperatively or does not rapidly subside with discontinuation of antibiotic therapy, a high index of suspicion should be maintained, even in children, for the possibility of pseudomembranous enterocolitis. An emergency rectosigmoidoscopy should be done in order to make an early diagnosis.[1]


  1. Pseudomembranous enterocolitis in childhood. Buts, J.P., Weber, A.M., Roy, C.C., Morin, C.L. Gastroenterology (1977) [Pubmed]
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