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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Studies on the oxidation of isobutyrylcarnitine by beef and rat liver mitochondria.

Mitochondria from beef liver oxidize isobutyrylcarnitine at approximately 50% the rate of succinate in the presence of rotenone. However, the oxidation rate of isobutyryl coenzyme A in the presence of l(-)-carnitine is very low and can be negligible in both rat and beef liver mitochondria. The limited stimulation of isobutyryl-CoA oxidation by l(-)-carnitine appears to be due to inhibition of isobutyrylcarnitine translocation rather than lack of formation of isobutyrylcarnitine. This conclusion is supported by the fact that: 1) isobutyrylcarnitine oxidation is inhibited by l(-)-carnitine; 2) some oxidation of isobutyryl-CoA is obtained when a low concentration (50 microM) of l(-)-carnitine is used; and 3) under conditions of high isobutyryl-coenzyme A and l(-)-carnitine concentrations (1 mM), isobutyryl-carnitine is produced in near theoretical amounts by these rat liver mitochondria. Other studies demonstrated that less than 25% of the carnitine isobutyryl transferase activity of beef liver mitochondria and rat liver mitochondria is located on the cytosol side of the acylcoenzyme A barrier of these mitochondria.[1]


  1. Studies on the oxidation of isobutyrylcarnitine by beef and rat liver mitochondria. Choi, Y.R., Clarke, P.R., Bieber, L.L. J. Biol. Chem. (1979) [Pubmed]
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