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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Accumulation of amino acids by lysosomes incubated with amino acid methyl esters.

Rat liver lysosomal preparations incubated with 10(-5) M L-[4,5-3H]leucine methyl ester hydrolyzed the methyl ester and accumulated radioactivity within a particulate compartment. The acculated radioactivity was identified as free leucine by thin layer chromatography. Free leucine was not itself taken up by the lysosomal preparations. The capacity to accumulate leucine was identified as a specific property of lysosomes and was thought to result from the trapping of the free amino acid within the lysosome following the hydrolysis of the methyl ester. Lysosomes also accumulated phenylalanine, serine, and alanine when incubated with the corresponding methyl esters. Leucine accumulation was inhibited by submillimolar concentrations of chloroquine, by the protease inhibitor L-1-tosylamido-2-phenylethyl chloromethyl ketone, and by lowering the pH below 7. 0. Efflux of leucine from the lysosomes was highly temperature dependent (activation energy 33 kcal/mol). No evidence was found to suggest that leucine efflux was a carrier-mediated process. The results provide a new methodology for the study of amino acid movements across lysosomal membranes.[1]


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