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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Acetyl coenzyme A carbosylase. Circular dichroism studies of Escherichia coli biotin carboxyl carrier protein.

The biotin carboxyl carrier protein (BCCP) component of Escherichia coli acetyl coenzyme A carboxylase and three peptides derived from BCCP by proteolytic digestion have been examined by circular dichroism spectroscopy. BCCP, which has a peptide molecular weight of 22,500, has a spectrum typical of globular proteins with negative extrema at 222 nm and 208 nm. The two smallest peptides, BCCP(SC) and BCCP(9,100), with molecular weights of 8,900 and 9,100, respectively, exhibit unusual positive CD bands centered at 237 nm and 220 nm. BCCP(10,400), with a molecular weight of 10,400, has a CD spectrum intermediate between BCCP and that of the smallest peptides. Since d-biotin exhibits a positive CD band at 233 nm, it was suspected that the biotin prosthetic group might be the chromophore responsible for the 237 nm CD band seen in BCCP(SC) and BCCP(9,100). Enzymatic carboxylation of BCCP(SC) to form CO2-BCCP(SC) caused the CD spectrum to change with a shift of the 237 nm band to 232 nm. The positive CD band at 220 nm was unaffected by carboxylation of the biotin prosthetic group. These date suggest that the 237 nm signal may be due either to the biotin which acts as a chromophore directly or to a chromophore that is perturbed by the carboxylation of biotin. A spectropolarimetric titration was carried out to investigate the possible contribution of the single tyrosine residue of BCCP(SC) to the CD spectrum of this peptide. At pH values over 9 the CD spetrum changed with the disappearance of the 237 nm band, suggesting that tyrosine might contribute to this CD band. Denaturation of BCCP(SC) or BCCP(9,100) with 8 M urea of 6 M guanidine HCl abolished the positive CD bands and resulted in spectra typical of a random coil, whereas treatment of BCCP(SC) with 1% sodium dodecyl sulfate abolished the positive bands and left a spectrum exhibiting a shoulder at 222 nm and a negative band at 205 nm, suggestive of a high degree of ordered structure. It is concluded that the CD band at 237 nm in BCCP(SC) and BCCP(9,100) is prabably due to a noncovalent interaction of biotin with an amino acid residue(s) of the protein. It is suggested that the biotin prosthetic group is partially buried in the surface of the protein, rather than swinging free at the end of the lysine side chain through which it is covalently linked to the protein, to permit this interaction to occur.[1]


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