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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Bacterial breakdown of benomyl. I. Pure cultures.

With different soil and water samples as inoculum and the benzimidazole fungicides benomyl (either as Benlate or as the pure compound) and thiabendazole as selective agents, a large number of, mainly fluorescent, Pseudomonas strains were isolated which nearly all were able to grow in a mineral medium with benomyl as the sole source of carbon. However, no growth occurred with any of a series of other benzimidazole compounds, viz. benzimidazole, 2-aminobenzimidazole (2-AB), thiabendazole and fuberidazole. Although benomyl--or rather its non-enzymatic breakdown product methyl benzimidazol-2-yl carbamate (MBC)--was partially degraded to 2-AB, most probably n-butylamine, which arises after splitting off of the butylcarbamoyl side chain, was the actual carbon source for the Pseudomonas isolates. When incorporated in a lactate medium, 2-AB markedly inhibited the growth of Pseudomonas spp. at a concentration of 250 microgram/ml, with complete inhibition being attained at 500 microgram/ml. For Bacillus spp. grown in liquid peptone media benzimidazole compounds were inhibitory at concentrations of 500-1000 microgram/ml, with a toxicity increasing in the order: benzimidazole less than thiabendazole less than MBC less than 2-AB.[1]


  1. Bacterial breakdown of benomyl. I. Pure cultures. Fuchs, A., de Vries, F.W. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek (1978) [Pubmed]
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