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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Glutamic acid is an active site residue of angiotensin I-converting enzyme. Use of the Lossen rearrangement for identification of dicarboxylic acid residues.

A set of chemical reactions was used to show that one glutamic acid residue at the active site of bovine lung angiotensin I-converting enzyme is esterified with the alkylating agent p-[N,N-bis(chloroethyl)amino] phenylbutyryl-L-Pro (chlorambucyl-L-Pro), an affinity label for this enzyme (Harris, R. B., and Wilson, I. B. (1982) J. Biol. Chem. 257, 811-815). The same procedure was used to confirm that a glutamic acid residue of carboxypeptidase A alpha is esterified by reaction with bromoacetyl-N-methyl-L-phenylalanine (Haas, G. M., and Neurath, H. (1971) Biochemistry 10, 3535-3546). In the procedure described in this paper, the esterified residue at the active site is converted to the hydroxamic acid by reaction with hydroxylamine and the hydroxamic acid is subject to the Lossen rearrangement. If a glutamic acid residue was esterified, 1 eq of 2,4-diaminobutyric acid will be formed. Aspartyl esters will give 2,3-diaminopropionic acid. The diamino acids can be quantitatively measured using the short column of an amino acid analyzer if the amount of lysine and histidine is largely decreased by modification with suitable side chain protecting groups. With carboxypeptidase A, the reactions were done on the whole undigested enzyme. With the converting enzyme, we first cleaved the esterified enzyme with cyanogen bromide. Twenty-nine cleavage peptides were separated on high performance liquid chromatography and one of these contained all of the bound radioactive inhibitor. This active site peptide was then subjected to the derivatization and Lossen procedures, and 1 eq of 2,4-diaminobutyric acid was obtained.[1]


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