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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Phenotypic modulation of the canine prostate after long-term treatment with androgens and estrogens.

Fine structural alterations of the canine prostate induced by long-term treatment of castrated adult animals with estrogens and/or androgens and also in combination with antiandrogens and/or antiestrogens for six months have been studied with particular respect to their topographic location within the gland. Three major patterns of structural responses of the epithelium have been distinguished: squamous metaplasia, atrophy, and hypertrophy, while in stroma, regression, hypertrophy, or sclerosis were observed. In addition to cellular alterations of stromal fibrocytes and smooth muscle cells, characteristic changes in the arrangement, distribution, and pattern of the different stromal elements occurred. General squamous metaplasia of the epithelium and regressive alterations of stromal cells were most obvious in animals treated with estradiol plus androstanediol. Atrophy of the epithelium and stromal sclerosis were the salient features of antiandrogen-treated castrated animals, while hypertrophy or hyperplasia of both the epithelium and stroma was a major finding in androstanediol-substituted castrated animals. Combined treatment caused rather heterogeneous structural patterns seemingly dependent on the location within the gland. The results indicate that the prostatic epithelial cells dispose of a broad variety of structural reaction patterns that, in case of combined hormonal treatment, are expressed in a manner typical for their locations within the ductal system of the gland. However, with the exception of combined treatment with estradiol, tamoxifen, and androstanediol of castrated dogs, none of the experimental protocols used induced a morphologic response of the gland comparable to that seen in human benign prostatic hyperplasia. The canine prostate therefore is of rather limited value as a model for human BPH.[1]


  1. Phenotypic modulation of the canine prostate after long-term treatment with androgens and estrogens. Aumüller, G., Funke, P.J., Hahn, A., Hoffbauer, G., Tunn, U., Neumann, F. Prostate (1982) [Pubmed]
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