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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Identification of uracil as a major lesion in E. coli DNA following the incorporation of 5-bromouracil, and some of the accompanying effects.

Cultivation of E. coli cells in the presence of 5-bromodeoxyuridine (BUdR) leads to formation of lesions in the cellular DNA which affect its secondary structure, as reflected by changes in temperature profiles. Such DNA contains single-stranded regions susceptible to endonuclease S1. One of the major sources of the BU-induced lesions appears to be dehalogenation of incorporated 5-bromouracil (BU) residues, with accompanying formation of uracil. The presence of uracil residues in such DNA was demonstrated directly by chromatography of hydrolyzates, and by the susceptibility of such residues to uracil-DNA glycosylase. The number of uracil residues was dependent on the extent of damage in the DNA, and decreased during the DNA repair that accompanied reactivation of bromouracil-inactivated cells. Dehalogenation of incorporated BU presumably results in formation of apyrimidinic sites by uracil-DNA glycosylase, and then single-strand nicks either by AP-endonuclease and/or dehalogenation. The findings are relevant to the mechanism of BU-induced mutagenesis.[1]


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