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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Free energy potential for aggregation of erythrocytes and phosphatidylcholine/phosphatidylserine vesicles in Dextran (36,500 MW) solutions and in plasma.

The free energy potential (affinity) for aggregation of human red blood cells and lipid vesicles in Dextran solutions and blood plasma has been quantitated by measuring to what extent a vesicle is encapsulated by the red cell surface. The free energy reduction per unit area of contact formation (affinity) was computed from the observation of the fractional extent of encapsulation at equilibrium with the use of a relation based on the elastic compliance of the red cell membrane as it is deformed to adhere to the vesicle surface. Micromanipulation methods were used to select and transfer single lipid vesicles (2-3 X 10(-4) cm diameter) from a chamber that contained the vesicle suspension to a separate chamber on the microscope stage that contained red cells in an EDTA buffer with Dextran or whole plasma. The vesicle and a red cell were maneuvered into close proximity and contact allowed to take place without forcing the cells together. To evaluate the effects of surface charge density and steric interactions on aggregation, vesicles were made from mixtures of egg phosphatidylcholine (PC) and bovine phosphatidylserine (PS) over a range of mole ratios (PC/PS)from (1:0) to (1:1); the vesicles were formed by rehydration in buffer. The Dextran solutions were made with a sharp-cut fraction of 36,500 MW in a concentration range of 0-10% by weight in grams (wt/wt).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


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