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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The origin and possible significance of substance P immunoreactive networks in the prevertebral ganglia and related structures in the guinea-pig.

The distribution and origin of substance P immunoreactive nerve elements have been studied in the guinea-pig prevertebral ganglia by the indirect immunohistochemical technique, using a monoclonal antibody to substance P. Non-varicose substance P immunoreactive nerve fibres enter or leave the ganglia in all nerves associated with them, traversing the ganglia in larger or smaller bundles. Networks, mainly single-stranded, of varicose substance P immunoreactive nerve fibres also permeate the ganglia, forming a loose meshwork among the neurons. Similar networks are present in the lumbar paravertebral ganglia. In all these ganglia, neuronal somata do not in general show substance P immunoreactivity. The various nerves connected with the inferior mesenteric ganglion have been cut, in single categories and in various combinations, and the ganglion examined, after intervals of up to six days. Cutting the colonic or hypogastric nerves, which connect the ganglion with the hindgut and pelvic organs, leads to accumulation of substance P immunoreactive material in their ganglionic stumps, extending retrogradely to intraganglionic non-varicose fibres traceable through into the intermesenteric and lumbar splanchnic nerves. There is some local depletion of intraganglionic varicose networks. Cutting the intermesenteric nerve, which connects the coeliac-superior mesenteric ganglion complex with the ganglion, leads to accumulation of substance P immunoreactive material in its cranial stump and depletion of its distal stump; a minimal depletion is detectable in the inferior mesenteric ganglion itself. Cutting the lumbar splanchnic nerves, which connect the ganglion with the upper lumbar spinal cord and dorsal root ganglia, leads to accumulation of substance P immunoreactive material in their proximal stumps and total depletion of their distal, ganglionic stumps; in the ganglion there is subtotal loss of non-varicose substance P immunoreactive fibres and of varicose nerve networks, and the few surviving non-varicose fibres are traceable across the ganglion from the intermesenteric nerve to the colonic and hypogastric nerves. Cutting the intermesenteric and lumbar splanchnic nerves virtually abolishes substance P immunoreactive elements from the ganglion within three days postoperatively. It is concluded that these arise centrally to the ganglion.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)[1]


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