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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Molecular cloning of cDNA for rat and human carbamyl phosphate synthetase I.

Recombinant plasmids with inserts complementary to the mRNA for carbamyl phosphate synthetase I were identified from a rat liver cDNA library by hybrid-selected mRNA translation. Four clones, the largest being 3100 base pairs, were identified for the rat liver enzyme. Using the rat liver cDNA as a probe, two homologous recombinant plasmids of approximately 1200 base pairs in length were isolated from a human liver cDNA library. Northern blot analysis of rat liver mRNA and baboon liver mRNA revealed the presence of a 5000-base mRNA homologous to both rat and human cDNA probes. No homologous mRNA was observed in mRNA from rat heart or rat kidney as is consistent with the known tissue distribution of this enzyme. The induction of carbamyl phosphate synthetase and argininosuccinate synthetase mRNA during the fetal and postnatal development of the rat was studied by dot blot analysis of isolated mRNA. The mRNA for both enzymes appeared between 17 and 19 days of fetal life and reached approximately 40% of adult levels during this period. This initial increase was followed by a rapid decline just prior to birth. The mRNA levels slowly increased during postnatal life, not reaching adult levels until after the 20th day of neonatal life. Using the human cDNA clones, the human carbamyl phosphate synthetase gene was mapped to chromosome 2 utilizing a panel of Chinese hamster X human somatic cell hybrids. Analysis of one hybrid with a human-Chinese hamster translocation provided a provisional assignment to the short arm of chromosome 2.[1]


  1. Molecular cloning of cDNA for rat and human carbamyl phosphate synthetase I. Adcock, M.W., O'Brien, W.E. J. Biol. Chem. (1984) [Pubmed]
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