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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cefoperazone pharmacokinetics in normal subjects and patients with cirrhosis.

The pharmacokinetics of cefoperazone were studied and compared in six normal subjects and six patients with severe liver disease. All subjects received a 2-g intravenous infusion of cefoperazone over 15 min. Significantly different results were noted between normal subjects and patients with cirrhosis (range [mean]) for the following: peak serum concentrations (203 to 345 [239] versus 82 to 206 [141] micrograms/ml; P less than 0.01); serum beta half-lives (1.0 to 1.8 [1.5] versus 2.3 to 9.9 [4.5] h; P less than 0.05); renal excretion (17 to 27 [21] versus 32 to 60 [50]%; P less than 0.01); and apparent volumes of distribution at steady state (4.1 to 7.8 [ 6.3] versus 12.7 to 23.8 [15.9] liters/1.73 m2; P less than 0.01). Lower peak serum levels in the patients with cirrhosis were probably related to an increased apparent volume of distribution secondary to ascites and to decreased serum protein binding of cefoperazone. Longer beta half-lives in the patients with cirrhosis were probably secondary to both decreased hepatic excretion caused by severe liver disease and to increased apparent volume of distribution. However, the longest beta half-life among the patients with cirrhosis was in a subject with a serum creatinine level of 2.1 mg/dl. We conclude that, although mild to moderate impairment of cefoperazone excretion occurs in patients with hepatic disease, adjustment of dosage may be necessary only with concomitant renal insufficiency.[1]


  1. Cefoperazone pharmacokinetics in normal subjects and patients with cirrhosis. Boscia, J.A., Korzeniowski, O.M., Snepar, R., Kobasa, W.D., Levison, M.E., Kaye, D. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. (1983) [Pubmed]
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