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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Studies of the mechanism by which 3,5,3'- triiodothyronine stimulates 2-deoxyglucose uptake in rat thymocytes in vitro. Role of calcium and adenosine 3':5'-monophosphate.

The present experiments were designed to explore the mechanism whereby 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine (T3) stimulates the uptake of 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG) in rat thymocytes in vitro. Addition of T3 evoked a transient, dose-related increase in cellular cyclic (c) AMP concentrations, evident within 5 min. followed soon by an increase in 2-DG uptake. The effects of T3 on both cAMP concentration and 2-DG uptake were dependent upon the presence of extracellular calcium. Epinephrine also induced a sequential increase in thymocyte cAMP concentration and 2-DG uptake. These responses were more prompt than those to T3, but were calcium independent. As with their combined effects on 2-DG uptake, T3 and epinephrine produced synergistic or additive effects on cellular cAMP concentration. Dibutyryl cAMP also stimulated 2-DG uptake, an effect that was more prompt than that of epinephrine, and like that of epinephrine, was calcium independent. Prior or simultaneous addition of L-alprenolol (10 microM), which, we have previously shown, blocks the effect of both T3 and epinephrine on 2-DG uptake, also blocked the increase in thymocyte cAMP concentration induced by these agents. In contrast, L-alprenolol failed to block the increase in 2-DG uptake produced by dibutyryl cAMP. On the basis of these observations we suggest that T3 increases 2-DC uptake in the rat thymocyte by increasing the cellular concentration of cAMP, which then acts to enhance sugar transport. The increase in 2-DC uptake induced by epinephrine is also mediated by an increase in cAMP concentration. The greater response of cellular cAMP concentration to T3 and epinephrine when added together than to either agent added alone may explain their synergistic action to increase 2-DG uptake. We suggest that these actions of T3 and epinephrine are both initiated at the level of the plasma membrane.[1]


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