The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Local immunoglobulin A in normal and neoplastic breast tissues.

Local IgA levels in 36 normal, 92 nonmalignant atypical, and 47 malignant human breast tissue specimens were analyzed by three methods: direct immunofluorescence, modified radioimmunoassay for IgA in cryostat sections, and the Immuno-Fluor (Bio-Rad Laboratories, Richmond, Calif.) assay for the cell surface IgA in tissue eluates. The proportion of epithelium in each sample was estimated microscopically. For malignant specimens the proportion of epithelial cells was significantly higher than that for nonmalignant specimens. The immunofluorescence test showed no qualitative difference in epithelial IgA content between normal and nonmalignant atypical tissues, but the frequency of positive specimens was markedly lower in malignant tissues. The modified radioimmunoassay and the Immuno-Fluor assay indicated little or no difference in IgA concentration per tissue weight among normal, nonmalignant atypical, and malignant breast tissues. However, when the data were corrected for proportion of glandular epithelium, nonmalignant atypical tissues had less IgA per cell than normal tissues, and malignant mammary carcinomas had significantly less IgA per cell than both normal and nonmalignant atypical tissues.[1]


  1. Local immunoglobulin A in normal and neoplastic breast tissues. Lee, P.P., Buehring, G.C. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. (1981) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities