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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Specific binding of leukotriene B4 to receptors on human polymorphonuclear leukocytes.

Leukotriene B4 (5(S),12(R)-di-hydroxy-eicosa-6,14-cis-8,10-trans-tetraenoic acid [LTB4]) is a product of the 5-lipoxygenation of arachidonic acid, which elicits human PMN leukocyte chemotactic responses in vitro that are 50% of the maximal level at concentrations of 3 X 10(-9) M to 10(-8) M and are maximal at 2 X 10(-8) M to 10(-7) M. The specific binding of highly purified [3H]LTB4 to human PMN leukocytes was assessed both by extracting the unbound and weakly bound [3H]LTB4 with acetone at -78 degrees C and by centrifuging the PMN leukocytes through cushions of phthalate oil to separate the unbound from bound [3H]LTB4. The levels of total binding of [3H]LTB4 and of nonspecific binding of [3H]LTB4, in the presence of a 1500-fold molar excess of nonradioactive LTB4, were approximately two times higher with the phthalate oil method. Scatchard plots of the concentration dependence of the specific binding (total - nonspecific binding) of [3H]LTB4 to PMN leukocytes were linear for the acetone extraction and phthalate oil methods and revealed dissociation constants of 10.8 X 10(-9) M and 13.9 X 10(-9) M, respectively, and mean of 2.6 X 10(4) and 4.0 X 10(4) receptors per PMN leukocyte. The 5(S),12(S)-all-trans-di-HETE analog of LTB4 and 5-HETE competitively inhibited by 50% the binding of [3H]LTB4 to PMN leukocytes at respective concentrations that evoked half-maximal chemotactic responses, whereas neither N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine nor chemotactic fragments of C5 inhibited the binding. Human erythrocytes exhibited no specific binding sites for [3H]LTB4. Human PMN leukocytes possess a subset of receptors for LTB4 that are distinct from those specific for peptide chemotactic factors.[1]


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