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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A binding study of the interaction of beta-D-fructose 2,6-bisphosphate with phosphofructokinase and fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase.

The binding of beta-D-fructose 2,6-bisphosphate to rabbit muscle phosphofructokinase and rabbit liver fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase was studied using the column centrifugation procedure (Penefsky, H. S., (1977) J. Biol. Chem. 252, 2891-2899). Phosphofructokinase binds 1 mol of fructose 2,6-bisphosphate/mol of protomer (Mr = 80,000). The Scatchard plots of the binding of fructose 2,6-bisphosphate to phosphofructokinase are nonlinear in the presence of three different buffer systems and appear to exhibit negative cooperativity. Fructose 1,6-bisphosphate and glucose 1,6-bisphosphate inhibit the binding of fructose-2,6-P2 with Ki values of 15 and 280 microM, respectively. Sedoheptulose 1,7-bisphosphate, ATP, and high concentrations of phosphate also inhibit the binding. Other metabolites including fructose-6-P, AMP, and citrate show little effect. Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase binds 1 mol of fructose 2,6-bisphosphate/mol of subunit (Mr = 35,000) with an affinity constant of 1.5 X 10(6) M-1. Fructose 1,6-bisphosphate, fructose-6-P, and phosphate are competitive inhibitors with Ki values of 4, 2.7, and 230 microM, respectively. Sedoheptulose 1,7-bisphosphate (1 mM) inhibits approximately 50% of the binding of fructose 1,6-bisphosphate to fructose bisphosphatase, but AMP has no effect. Mn2+, Co2+, and a high concentration of Mg2+ inhibit the binding. Thus, we may conclude that fructose 2,6-bisphosphate binds to phosphofructokinase at the same allosteric site for fructose 1,6-bisphosphate while it binds to the catalytic site of fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase.[1]


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