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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A study on the reaction of human erythrocytes with hydrogen peroxide.

Membrane fluidity of human erythrocytes treated with H2O2 (1--20 mM) was studied using three kinds of fatty acid spin labels. A strongly immobilized signal appeared on exposure of erythrocytes to H2O2 but was not observed in either H2O2- or Fenton's reagent-treated ghosts or lipid vesicles prepared from H2O2-treated erythrocytes, indicating that the appearance of this signal necessitates the reaction of hemoglobin with H2O2 and is not due to lipid peroxidation. The ESR spectrum of maleimide-prelabeled erythrocytes showed an isotropic signal and the rotational correlation time (tau c) increased as the concentration of H2O2 was increased. Furthermore, maleimide labeling of H2O2-pretreated erythrocytes showed a strongly immobilized component, in addition to a weakly immobilized component. From the relative ratio of the signal intensity of hemoglobin and membrane proteins, it was found that label molecules bound predominantly to hemoglobin. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of H2O2-treated erythrocytes demonstrated globin aggregation. Therefore, the changes in the ESR signal observed on H2O2 treatment may be due to some change in hemoglobin, such as globin aggregation or its binding to the membranes. The ESR spectrum of H2O2-treated erythrocytes at -196 degrees C is characterized by signals of nonheme ferric iron type (g equal to 4.3), low spin ferric iron, and free radical type at g equal to 2.00. At higher H2O2 concentrations, the ESR lines due to low spin ferric iron became broad and their peak heights decreased, compared with that at g equal to 2.00 or 4. 3. These results indicate that oxidative stress such as decrease of membrane fluidity, lipid peroxidation, and globin aggregation in H2O2-treated erythrocytes is dependent on the reaction of hemoglobin with H2O2.[1]


  1. A study on the reaction of human erythrocytes with hydrogen peroxide. Yamaguchi, T., Fujita, Y., Kuroki, S., Ohtsuka, K., Kimoto, E. J. Biochem. (1983) [Pubmed]
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