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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Bovine conglutinin is a collagen-like protein.

Conglutinin is a bovine plasma protein which is relatively large and asymmetric with elevated contents of glycine and, to some extent, proline. Although its physiologic function is unknown, conglutinin is known to bind, in the presence of calcium, to yeast cell walls and to the solid-phase-inactivated third component of complement. On sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis under reducing conditions, isolated conglutinin appeared to consist of a single polypeptide chain (Mr 48 000). Unreduced conglutinin consisted of a single stained band with an apparent molecular weight of approximately 300 000. Cross-linking experiments with glutaraldehyde and dimethyl suberimidate suggested that this Mr 300 000 molecule consists of six of the disulfide-linked polypeptide chains. Amino acid composition revealed hydroxylysine and hydroxyproline together with elevated glycine and proline contents. Digestion of reduced, alkylated conglutinin with bacterial collagenase resulted in formation of a precipitate which consisted of an Mr 24 000 peptide which was digested to Mr 21 000 with large quantities of collagenase. These peptides contained less glycine, proline, hydroxylysine, and hydroxyproline than did the intact protein. The supernatant from this digestion mixture was, however, enriched in these four amino acids, with glycine making up nearly one-third of the total. Prolonged digestion with pepsin at 37 degrees C resulted in an Mr 20 000 peptide which was enriched in glycine, proline, hydroxyproline, and hydroxylysine. Amino-terminal sequence analysis showed that the glycine-X-Y repeating sequence begins at residue 26.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Bovine conglutinin is a collagen-like protein. Davis, A.E., Lachmann, P.J. Biochemistry (1984) [Pubmed]
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