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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Insulin autoimmunity as a cause of hypoglycemia.

"Autoimmune" hypoglycemia is a syndrome consisting of fasting hypoglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, and insulin-binding antibodies in a patient who has never been exposed to exogenous insulin. The stimulus for insulin-antibody formation and the mechanism of the hypoglycemia in this condition remain unknown. Three patients with this rare syndrome had severe hypoglycemia of limited duration. Two had received a drug containing a sulfhydryl group (methimazole and penicillamine) as treatment for an autoimmune disorder (Graves' disease and rheumatoid arthritis, respectively). A third patient who underwent surgery for a suspected insulinoma was found to have pancreatic beta cell hyperplasia. Drugs containing a sulfhydryl group may have a role in the etiology of the syndrome. Additionally, our findings suggest a relationship between circulating insulin antibodies and beta cell hyperplasia.[1]

References

  1. Insulin autoimmunity as a cause of hypoglycemia. Benson, E.A., Ho, P., Wang, C., Wu, P.C., Fredlund, P.N., Yueng, R.T. Arch. Intern. Med. (1984) [Pubmed]
 
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