The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Conformational heterogeneity of the copper binding site in azurin. A time-resolved fluorescence study.

Comparison of the fluorescence spectra and the effect of temperature on the quantum yields of fluorescence of Azurin (from Pseudomonas fluorescens ATCC-13525-2) and 3-methylindole (in methylcyclohexane solution) provides substantive evidence that the tryptophan residue in azurin is completely inaccessible to solvent molecules. The quantum yields of azurin (CuII), azurin (CuI), and apoazurin (lambda ex = 291 nm) were 0.052, 0.054, and 0.31, respectively. Other evidence indicates that there is no energy transfer from tyrosine to tryptophan in any of these proteins. The fluorescence decay behavior of each of the azurin samples was found to be invariant with emission wavelength. The fluorescences of azurin (CuII) and azurin (CuI) decay with dual exponential kinetics (tau 1 = 4.80 ns, tau 2 = 0.18 ns) while that of apoazurin obeys single exponential decay kinetics (tau = 4.90). The ratio of pre-exponentials of azurin (CuII), alpha 1/alpha 2, is found to be 0.25, and this ratio increases to 0.36 on reduction to azurin (CuI). The results are interpreted as originating from different interactions of the tryptophan with two conformers of the copper-ligand complex in azurin.[1]


  1. Conformational heterogeneity of the copper binding site in azurin. A time-resolved fluorescence study. Szabo, A.G., Stepanik, T.M., Wayner, D.M., Young, N.M. Biophys. J. (1983) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities