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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cerebral blood flow autoregulation in the rat.

Cerebral blood flow autoregulation (CBFA) to changes in perfusion pressure has not been previously reported in the rat. A modification of the Kety and Schmidt technique employing 133Xenon was used to measure cerebral blood flow (CBF) in paralyzed adult Sprague Dawley rats passively ventilated with 70% nitrous oxide and 30% oxygen. At a mean arterial blood pressure (MABP) of 121 +/- 19 mm Hg, and a mean arterial PCO2 of 36.2 +/- 2.9 mm Hg, mean CBF was 103 +/- 22 ml/min/100 gm of brain. CBF responses to hypercarbia were 4.9 ml/min/100 gm per mm Hg change in arterial PCO2. CBF was measured during steady state levels of hypo- and hypertension induced by phlebotomy, or by intravenous metaraminol, over the MABP range of 48-205 mm Hg. From a MABP of 80 to 160 mm Hg. CBF remained nearly constant, indicating the presence of CBFA. However, when MABP exceeded 160 mm Hg, CBF became pressure dependent, indicating a "breakthrough" of autoregulation in acute severe hypertension.[1]


  1. Cerebral blood flow autoregulation in the rat. Hernández, M.J., Brennan, R.W., Bowman, G.S. Stroke (1978) [Pubmed]
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