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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Differences in the sensitivity of carnitine palmitoyltransferase to inhibition by malonyl-CoA are due to differences in Ki values.

The hepatic carnitine palmitoyltransferase that is present on the outer surface of the mitochondrial inner membrane demonstrates hyperbolic substrate saturation curves with oleoyl-CoA in both fasted and fed rats. However, the addition of malonyl-CoA resulted in sigmoid substrate saturation curves, suggesting that malonyl-CoA induced the cooperative behavior. There was more of the outer carnitine palmitoyltransferase in liver mitochondria derived from fasted rats and that enzyme had a much greater Ki for malonyl-CoA than the enzyme from fed rats, but the Km values were apparently not different. The Dixon plot with mitochondria from fed rats, but not fasted rats, was curved upward, indicating cooperative inhibition by malonyl-CoA. Carnitine palmitoyltransferase of heart mitochondria had a Ki for malonyl-CoA that was much less than that of the liver enzyme and it did not change on fasting. Furthermore, no evidence for cooperative inhibition was found in the heart. The results of these studies indicate that carnitine palmitoyltransferase is not subject to substrate cooperativity and that malonyl-CoA is not a simple competitive inhibitor of this enzyme but inhibits by a mechanism involving cooperative inhibition. The fasting-feeding cycle induces changes in the liver enzyme that alter its affinity for malonyl-CoA without changing its affinity for its acyl-CoA substrate. Carnitine palmitoyltransferase from heart appears to be different from that of liver and is apparently not subject to the same control mechanisms.[1]


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