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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Isolation and characterization of propionyl-CoA carboxylase from normal human liver. Evidence for a protomeric tetramer of nonidentical subunits.

We have purified propionyl-CoA carboxylase from normal, postmortem human liver to homogeneity. The isolation procedure, which provided an approximately 3000-fold purification and an overall yield of 26%, employed initial centrifugation of a cetyltrimethylammonium bromide-treated homogenate, followed by sequential chromatographic separations using DEAE-cellulose, Blue Sepharose, and Bio-Gel A-1.5m. The native enzyme has a molecular weight of approximately 540,000 and is composed of nonidentical subunits (alpha and beta) of Mr = 72,000 and 56,000, respectively. When studied with analytical isoelectrofocusing techniques, it focuses as a single peak at pH 5. 5. Each mole of native enzyme contains 4 mol of bound biotin, virtually all of which is found with the larger (alpha) subunit. The apparent Km values for ATP, propionyl-CoA, and bicarbonate are 0.08 mM, 0.29 mM, and 3.0 mM, respectively. The enzyme also catalyzes the carboxylation of acetyl-CoA and butyryl-CoA to a limited degree, but not that of crotonyl-CoA. Propionyl-CoA carboxylase is quite stable over a temperature range from -50--37 degrees C and over a pH range from 6.2 to 8. 4. It has a broad pH optimum from pH 7.2 to 8. 8. Limited proteolysis with trypsin results in slow, time-dependent deactivation of the enzyme with preferential cleavage of the smaller subunit. Antiserum prepared against the native enzyme is shown to be monospecific by immunodiffusion and immunoelectrophoresis.[1]


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