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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Hepatic extraction and renal production of 3,3'-diiodothyronine and 3',5'-diiodothyronine in man.

The sequential deiodination of thyroxine (T4) gives rise to several iodothyronine analogs including 3,3'-diiodothyronine (3,3'-T2) and 3',5'-diiodothyronine (3',5'-T2). In vitro animal studies suggest that the liver and the kidneys are the main sites of both formation and degradation of 3,3'-T2 and 3',5'-T2. To determine the metabolism of 3,3'-T2 and 3',5'-T2 in human liver and kidneys plasma samples were obtained from (a) a brachial artery and a hepatic vein in 20 normal subjects, and from (b) a femoral artery and a renal vein in 11 normal subjects. Further, the hepatic plasma flow (a) and the renal plasma flow (b) were determined. Both plasma 3,3'-T2 and 3',5'-T2 levels were reduced in the hepatic venous blood as compared to arterial values (1.09 +/- 0.40 vs. 1.75 +/- 0.74 ng/dl (P < 0.02)) (mean +/- 1 SD). This resulted in a hepatic extraction of both, 3,3'-T2 and 3',5'-T2, which averaged 8.2 and 5.2 microgram/d, respectively. Plasma 3,3'-T2 as well as 3'5'-T2 levels were higher in the renal vein as compared to arterial values, 1.49 +/- 0.42 vs. 1.39 +/- 0.45 ng/dl (P < 0.05) and 2.35 +/- 0.83 vs. 2.09 +/- 0.81 ng/dl (P < 0.05), respectively. This positive venoarterial difference implies a net production of 3,3'-T2 and 3',5'-T2 in the kidneys of 1.2 and 3.0 microgram/d, respectively. It is concluded that the liver is an important site of 3,3'-T2 and 3',5'-T2 extraction in normal man. In contrast, the renal production of 3,3'-T2 as well as 3'5'-T2 exceeds the degradation and urinary excretion.[1]


  1. Hepatic extraction and renal production of 3,3'-diiodothyronine and 3',5'-diiodothyronine in man. Faber, J., Faber, O.K., Lund, B., Kirkegaard, C., Wahren, J. J. Clin. Invest. (1980) [Pubmed]
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