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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Manipulation of toxicity and tissue distribution of tubercidin in mice by nitrobenzylthioinosine 5'-monophosphate.

The i.v. administration of tubercidin, an analog of adenosine, in a single dose of 45 mg/kg caused death in about 90% of B10D2F1 mice so treated. Serum and urine analysis, as well as histological examination of tissues, related the lethality of tubercidin to hepatic injury, which was markedly reduced when mice were treated with the inhibitor of nucleoside transport, nitrobenzylthioinosine 5'-monophosphate (NBMPR-P), at i.p. doses higher than 10 mg/kg 30 min prior to tubercidin injection. With high NBMPR-P doses (100 mg/kg, i.p.) followed by tubercidin injection (45 mg/kg, i.v.), kidney damage and high mortality occurred. The tissue distribution of 3H following (( G-3H]tubercidin administration paralleled hepatic or renal injury: NBMPR-P treatment decreased the content of tubercidin-derived 3H in liver and increased that in kidney. Furthermore, the half-life of the decline in tubercidin levels in serum during the first minute after[3H]tubercidin administration was longer in NBMPR-P-treated mice (26 sec) than in untreated mice (10 sec), with the result that 3H levels in serum were more than ten times higher in the former than in the latter at an early stage during the distribution of tubercidin. Within 15 min after i.p. administration, the tissue distribution of (( 3H]tubercidin was complete. The i.p. administration of tubercidin caused ascites and the appearance of amylase in the peritoneal fluid evidently because of peritonitis and pancreatic injury. Administration of NBMPR-P by the i.p. route, but not by the i.v. route, prevented these injuries and shifted the LD50 of i.p. injected tubercidin (5 mg/kg) to markedly higher values (a 4-fold increase with NBMPR-P at 100 mg/kg). The protection of mice by NBMPR-P against lethal injuries caused by i.p. injected tubercidin was consistent with the inhibition by NBMPR-P of tubercidin accumulation in mesentery and pancreas. The tissue specificity of the NBMPR-P influence on the tissue distribution of tubercidin may reflect differences in NBMPR-P pharmacokinetics and/or in properties of the nucleoside permeation mechanism among various tissues.[1]


  1. Manipulation of toxicity and tissue distribution of tubercidin in mice by nitrobenzylthioinosine 5'-monophosphate. Kolassa, N., Jakobs, E.S., Buzzell, G.R., Paterson, A.R. Biochem. Pharmacol. (1982) [Pubmed]
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